Kirk Douglas, the cleft-chinned film star who fought gladiators, cowboys and boxers on the screen and the Hollywood institution, died on Wednesday at the age of 103, his son Michael Douglas claimed.

“It is with large sadness that my brothers and I announce that Kirk Douglas left us nowadays at the age of 103,” Michael Douglas claimed in a statement to Men and women journal and on his Facebook site.

“To the planet, he was a legend, an actor from the golden age of films who lived perfectly into his golden a long time, a humanitarian whose motivation to justice and the brings about he thought in set a typical for all of us to aspire to,” Michael said.

“Kirk’s lifetime was perfectly lived, and he leaves a legacy in movie that will endure for generations to come, and a record as a renowned philanthropist who labored to support the community and deliver peace to the earth,” Michael additional, saying he was “so happy” to be his father’s son.

Douglas created a lot more than ninety films in a profession that stretched across seven a long time and films this kind of as Spartacus and The Vikings made him one of the most significant box-workplace stars of the 1950s and ’60s.

He also played a important job in breaking the Hollywood blacklist — actors, administrators and writers who ended up shunned professionally for the reason that of hyperlinks to the communist motion in the 1950s. Douglas claimed he was a lot more happy of that than any movie he created.

Undated portrait of Douglas. He was finest recognised for his staring roles in the films Spartacus and The Vikings. (AFP/Getty Pictures)

Tributes poured in from Hollywood. Actor and director Rob Reiner claimed on Twitter that Douglas “will normally be an icon in the pantheon of Hollywood. He put himself on the line to crack the blacklist.”

Mitzi Gaynor, who appeared with Douglas in the 1963 film For Appreciate or Money, said the movie would “normally keep a exclusive place in my heart.”

“Thank you for so generously sharing your remarkable talent with all of us,” Gaynor tweeted.

Danny DeVito referred to as him an “inspirational Scallywag,” when Ed Asner tweeted, “I will normally be in your awe.”

‘Humour saved me’

A stroke in 1996 at age eighty left Douglas with slurred speech and harmed facial nerves. But two weeks later on, he showed his spirit by attending the Academy Awards ceremony to get a Lifetime Accomplishment Award. He also ongoing to choose tiny acting roles by means of 2008 but claimed the stroke left him suicidal.

“Humour saved me,” Douglas advised Parade journal in 2014. “At initially, I assumed my lifetime was at an conclusion. But when I put the gun in my mouth, it hit a tooth. Ow! And that struck me funny. A toothache was halting me from committing suicide?”

In one of his previous community appearances, Douglas was frail and hardly audible in a wheelchair as he aided daughter-in-law Catherine Zeta-Jones current the Oscar for finest screenplay in January 2018. In November of that 12 months he joined his son Michael as the more youthful Douglas was honoured with a star on the Hollywood Stroll of Fame.

Douglas, ninety, is photographed all through an interview about his lifetime and movie profession at his dwelling in Beverly Hills, Calif., in this 2007 file image. (Fred Prouser/Reuters)

Douglas had a distinct chin, razor-sharp cheekbones and a jutting jaw — looks that he passed alongside to Michael — and that created him a organic for playing all fashion of rugged people.

He also had a demanding character that acquired him a standing in his key as the actor who directed administrators. Longtime pal and someday co-star Burt Lancaster loved to introduce him by saying, “Kirk would be the initially to acknowledge he is a tough human being. [Pause] I would be the next.”

“I make my very own way,” Douglas after advised an interviewer. “Nobody’s my boss. Nobody’s at any time been my boss … I’ve been a maverick.”

Douglas claimed playing Vincent van Gogh in Lust for Life was his favourite job — but Spartacus was his favourite movie for the reason that, as producer, he took a huge move toward breaking the Hollywood blacklist.

The life span Oscar was Douglas’ only Academy Award even even though he was nominated for playing ruthless boxer Midge Kelly in Winner, a film government in The Undesirable and the Attractive and van Gogh in Lust for Life.

Douglas was recognised for impressive performances as people who had to endure powerful on-screen soreness. He was stabbed in Ace in the Hole, crucified in Spartacus, lost an eye in The Vikings, an ear in Lust for Life, and a finger in The Massive Sky.

Douglas’ independent streak led him to set up Bryna Manufacturing Co, which he named immediately after his mom, in 1955, snubbing huge studio bosses and encouraging crack their monopoly on the field.

Born to illiterate Russian immigrants

Born Issur Danielovich on Dec. nine, 1916, in Amsterdam, New York, Douglas was the only son of seven youngsters born to illiterate Russian immigrants.

Just after graduating from substantial university, he hitchhiked to St. Lawrence University in Canton, N.Y., in which he grew to become a wrestling champion. He also staged and starred in theatrical productions and modified his identify to Izzy Demsy.

Michael Douglas (left) applauds his father all through the 57th Once-a-year Academy Awards, on Mar. 25, 1985. (Rob Boren/AFP/Getty Pictures)

Just after St. Lawrence, he graduated from New York’s American Academy of Spectacular Arts in 1941 and modified his identify to Kirk Douglas. He joined the Navy following two tiny Broadway roles.

While in the navy he married British actress Diana Dill and they had two sons, Michael and Joel, in advance of the relationship ended immediately after eight a long time.

Douglas had a standing as a Hollywood ladies’ gentleman. Among the fans outlined in the 1988 guide The Ragman’s Son, one of a number of publications he wrote about his lifetime, ended up Joan Crawford, Marlene Dietrich, Rita Hayworth, Marilyn Maxwell, Patricia Neal and Gene Tierney.

While earning Act of Appreciate, Douglas achieved and Anne Buydens, the film’s publicist, and they married in 1954. Their relationship grew to become one of Hollywood’s most enduring in spite of his affairs. They had two sons, Peter and Eric.

Douglas, who survived a 1991 helicopter crash that killed two individuals, tried out to discourage his youngsters from following him into acting. Nevertheless, Michael grew to become a celebrity and a thriving producer, Joel and Peter also ended up producers and Eric was an actor until finally his 2004 death from a drug overdose.

Douglas comes to get an inaugural award for excellence in movie in 2006. (Phil Klein/Reuters)

“You see how they listened to me,” Douglas after claimed.

Douglas, who grew a long white ponytail in his later on a long time, revealed a number of publications, such as a guide of poetry, prose and photos in 2014.

He set up the Douglas Basis for earning charitable donations and in 2015 he and Anne introduced plans to give away his $eighty million US fortune to a variety of brings about. The beneficiaries involved a shelter for homeless girls named immediately after Anne, the Los Angeles community university district, St. Lawrence University and hospitals.

To mark his 99th birthday in 2015, he donated $15 million to the Motion Picture and Tv Fund to assistance build a facility for enjoyment field figures with Alzheimer’s ailment.